Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2013 Jul 15. pii: S0301-2115(13)00282-0. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2013.06.022. [Epub ahead of print]
Genetic testing of sperm donors for cystic fibrosis and spinal muscular atrophy: evaluation of clinical utility.
Landaburu I, Gonzalvo MC, Clavero A, Ramirez JP, Yoldi A, Mozas J, Zamora S, Martinez L, Castilla JA.
SourceUnidad de Reproducción, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Spain.
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the clinical utility of genetic testing for cystic fibrosis (CF) and spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in sperm donors.
STUDY DESIGN:We studied the results of the genetic tests for CF and SMA applied to 372 sperm donor candidates. The CF carrier screening test analysed 32 mutations on the CFTR gene. Regarding SMA, the carrier test studied possible deletions of SMN1/2 by Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification (MLPA) methodology.
RESULTS:The carrier frequency obtained was greater for SMA than for CF. After adjusting the results obtained for the sensitivity of the tests, and taking into account the prevalence of female carriers in our population, the probability of transmission of the disease to the child from a donor with a negative genetic test was about five times lower in the case of SMA than in CF, although this difference was not statistically significant. The number of donors needed to screen (NNS) to avoid the occurrence of a child being affected by CF and SMA in our population was similar in both cases (1591 vs. 1536).
CONCLUSIONS:This study demonstrates the need to include SMA among the diseases for which genetic screening is performed in the process of sperm donor selection. We believe that testing donors for SMA is as important and as useful as doing so for CF.
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
KEYWORDS:Carrier screening tests, Cystic fibrosis, Sperm donors, Spinal muscular atrophy
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