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Racial variation in timing of pyeloplasty: prenatal v... [J Urol. 2011] - PubMed - NCBI

Racial variation in timing of pyeloplasty: prenatal v... [J Urol. 2011] - PubMed - NCBI

J Urol. 2011 Dec;186(6):2386-91. Epub 2011 Oct 20.

Racial variation in timing of pyeloplasty: prenatal versus postnatal diagnosis.


Department of Urology, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.



We have previously shown that nonwhite patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction undergo pyeloplasty at a younger age than white patients. The mechanisms behind this finding are unclear, since there is no known racial variation in the natural history of ureteropelvic junction obstruction. We used a detailed clinical database to explain this phenomenon.


We retrospectively reviewed all patients undergoing primary pyeloplasty at our institution between 1992 and 2008. More than 360 data points were abstracted for each patient, including self-reported race, socioeconomic status, symptom duration and presentation.


Of 847 patients undergoing pyeloplasty during the study period 741 met inclusion criteria. Nonwhite patients underwent surgery at a younger age (0.6 years) than whites (2.6 years, p <0.0001). When stratified by timing of clinical presentation (prenatal vs postnatal), there was no significant difference in race among patients presenting prenatally (0.37 vs 0.36 years, p = 0.22). Nonwhite patients presenting postnatally were significantly younger than white patients (6.3 vs 8.2 years, p = 0.03). This finding appeared to be due to differences in age at initial clinical presentation (5.4 vs 7.0 years, p = 0.03) and in time from initial clinical presentation to urological evaluation (0.6 vs 3.2 months, p = 0.03). These differences persisted after correcting for other factors, including markers of socioeconomic status.


Consistent with previous studies, we found that nonwhite patients underwent primary pyeloplasty at a younger age than whites. This difference is limited to patients presenting after birth. Prenatally diagnosed patients underwent surgery at similar ages regardless of race.
Copyright © 2011 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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