Emerg Infect Dis. 2014 Apr;20(4):677-80. doi: 10.3201/eid2004.130517.
Genetic Characterization of Clade 18.104.22.168 Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Viruses, Indonesia, 2012.
After reports of unusually high mortality rates among ducks on farms in Java Island, Indonesia, in September 2012, influenza A(H5N1) viruses were detected and characterized. Sequence analyses revealed all genes clustered with contemporary clade 22.214.171.124 viruses, rather than enzootic clade 2.1.3 viruses, indicating the introduction of an exotic H5N1 clade into Indonesia.
H5N1, Indonesia, evolution, geographic distribution, viruses, influenza virus, zoonoses, highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, orthomyxovirus, outbreak, phylogenetics, surveillance, viral
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