Int Rev Psychiatry. 2013 Oct;25(5):554-71. doi: 10.3109/09540261.2013.838944.
Towards the implementation of CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 genotypes in clinical practice: Update and report from a pharmacogenetic service clinic.
SourcePharmacogenetics Research Clinic, Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health , Toronto, Ontario , Canada.
Abstract Genetic testing may help to improve treatment outcomes in order to avoid non-response or severe side effects to psychotropic medication. Most robust data have been obtained for gene variants in CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 enzymes for antipsychotics and antidepressant treatment. We reviewed original articles indexed in PubMed from 2008-2013 on CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 gene variants and treatment outcome to antidepressant or antipsychotic medication. We have started providing CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 genotype information to physicians and conducted a survey where preliminary results are reported. Studies provided mixed results regarding the impact of CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 gene variation on treatment response. Plasma levels were mostly found associated with CYP metabolizer status. Higher occurrence/severity of side effects were reported in non-extensive CYP2D6 or CYP2C19 metabolizers. Results showed that providing genotypic information is feasible and generally well accepted by both patients and physicians. Although currently available studies are limited by small sample sizes and infrequent plasma drug level assessment, research to date indicates that CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 testing may be beneficial particularly for non-extensive metabolizing patients. In summary, clinical assessment of CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 metabolizer status is feasible, well accepted and optimizes drug treatment in psychiatry.
- [PubMed - in process]