domingo, 17 de noviembre de 2013

Hepatitis A virus: Host interactions, mole... [Infect Genet Evol. 2013] - PubMed - NCBI

Hepatitis A virus: Host interactions, mole... [Infect Genet Evol. 2013] - PubMed - NCBI

Infect Genet Evol. 2013 Nov 5. pii: S1567-1348(13)00395-X. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2013.10.023. [Epub ahead of print]

Hepatitis A virus: Host interactions, molecular epidemiology and evolution.


Division of Viral Hepatitis, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States. Electronic address:


Infection with hepatitis A virus (HAV) is the commonest viral cause of liver disease and presents an important public health problem worldwide. Several unique HAV properties and molecular mechanisms of its interaction with host were recently discovered and should aid in clarifying the pathogenesis of hepatitis A. Genetic characterization of HAV strains have resulted in the identification of different genotypes and subtypes, which exhibit a characteristic worldwide distribution. Shifts in HAV endemicity occurring in different parts of the world, introduction of genetically diverse strains from geographically distant regions, genotype displacement observed in some countries and population expansion detected in the last decades of the 20th century using phylogenetic analysis are important factors contributing to the complex dynamics of HAV infections worldwide. Strong selection pressures, some of which, like usage of deoptimized codons, are unique to HAV, limit genetic variability of the virus. Analysis of subgenomic regions has been proven useful for outbreak investigations. However, sharing short sequences among epidemiologically unrelated strains indicates that specific identification of HAV strains for molecular surveillance can be achieved only using whole-genome sequences. Here, we present up-to-date information on the HAV molecular epidemiology and evolution, and highlight the most relevant features of the HAV-host interactions.
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Genetic relatedness, Genotype, Hepatitis A virus, Host factors, Molecular epidemiology, Molecular evolution
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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