miércoles, 21 de noviembre de 2012

CDC - COPD Home Page - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

CDC - COPD Home Page - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

What is COPD?

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, or COPD, refers to a group of diseases that cause airflow blockage and breathing-related problems. It includes emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and in some cases asthma.1

What causes COPD?

In the United States, tobacco use is a key factor in the development and progression of COPD, but asthma, exposure to air pollutants in the home and workplace, genetic factors, and respiratory infections also play a role. In the developing world, indoor air quality is thought to play a larger role in the development and progression of COPD than it does in the United States.

Who has COPD?

In 2005, COPD caused an estimated 126,005 U.S. deaths in people older than 25 years. This was an 8% increase from 116,494 in the year 2000. For women, the number of deaths related to COPD in 2005 was 65,193, while for men it was 60,812.2

How can COPD be prevented?

Early detection of COPD might change its course and progress. A simple test can be used to measure pulmonary function and detect COPD in current and former smokers aged 45 years and older and anyone with breathing problems. Avoid tobacco use or inhaling tobacco smoke, home and workplace air pollutants, and respiratory infections to prevent early development of COPD.

How is COPD treated?

Treatment of COPD requires a careful and thorough evaluation by a physician. The most important aspect of treatment is avoiding tobacco smoke and removing other air pollutants from the patient’s home or workplace. Symptoms such as coughing or wheezing can be treated with medication. Respiratory infections should be treated with antibiotics, if appropriate. Patients who have low blood oxygen levels in their blood are often given supplemental oxygen.
  1. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Surveillance — United States, 1971–2000. MMWR 2002;51(SS-6):1–16.
  2. Deaths from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease — United States, 2000–2005. MMWR 2008;57(45):1229–1232.

No hay comentarios:

Publicar un comentario