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Prevent DiabetesResearch studies have found that moderate weight loss and exercise can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes among adults at high-risk of diabetes. Find out more about the risk factors for type 2 diabetes, what it means to have prediabetes, and what you can do to prevent or delay diabetes. See also EAT RIGHT and BE ACTIVE.
National Diabetes Prevention Program, which helps organizations make a difference in the health of their community.
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), a major federally funded study of 3,234 people at high risk for diabetes, showed that people can delay and possibly prevent the disease by losing a small amount of weight (5 to 7 percent of total body weight) through 30 minutes of physical activity 5 days a week and healthier eating.
For more information, see the National Diabetes Education Program’s Small Steps. Big Rewards. Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Campaign
risk factors (see below), you should consider getting tested.
Being overweight or obese.
Having a parent, brother, or sister with diabetes.
Being African American, American Indian, Asian American, Pacific Islander, or Hispanic American/Latino heritage.
Having a prior history of gestational diabetes or birth of at least one baby weighing more than 9 pounds.
Having high blood pressure measuring 140/90 or higher.
Having abnormal cholesterol with HDL ("good") cholesterol is 35 or lower, or triglyceride level is 250 or higher.
Being physically inactive—exercising fewer than three times a week.
For more information, see the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse’s Am I at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes?
Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), a major federally funded study of 3,234 people at high risk for diabetes, showed that moderate diet and exercise of about 30 minutes or more, 5 or more days per week, or of 150 or more minutes per week, resulting in a 5% to 7% weight loss can delay and possibly prevent type 2 diabetes.
If you have prediabetes, you have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. In additon, people with prediabetes also have a higher risk of heart disease.
Progression to diabetes among those with prediabetes is not inevitable. Studies suggest that weight loss and increased physical activity among people with prediabetes prevent or delay diabetes and may return blood glucose levels to normal.
For more information, see—
- Diabetes & Me - Prediabetes
- The Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2011
- The National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse’s Insulin Resistance and prediabetes
- The American Diabetes Association’s Frequently Asked Questions About prediabetes
For more information, visit—
- The CDC National Immunization Program’s Diabetes and Vaccines
- The Journal of the American Medical Association’s Vaccines Pose No Diabetes, Bowel Disease Risk