martes, 31 de enero de 2012

Treatment of CSS | American Partnership For Eosinophilic Disorders

Treatment of CSS American Partnership For Eosinophilic Disorders

Treatment of CSS

Systemic corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment for patients with CSS. Prednisone is used to treat asthma and intravenous steroids may be required to handle acute flares. Steroids are required for months, if not years, and some patients are unable to come off of this therapy due to recrudescence of underlying symptoms. When the heart, GI tract and nervous system are involved, the chemotherapeutic agent cyclophosphamide is added on to suppress the systemic eosinophilic effects. Unfortunately, both of these therapies are associated with significant side effects, and the goal of the treating physician is to try to minimize disease pathogenesis while minimizing therapy side effects, which often rival CSS manifestations. This is difficult to do so other agents are often added, including azathioprine, interferon alpha, mycophenolate and methotrexate, with mixed results.
A minority of patients with CSS may come off of systemic corticosteroid therapy completely and live, long healthy lives. Most patients however, require systemic steroids continuously and efforts to reduce doses are associated with significant relapse of symptoms. Involvement of the heart, kidney and GI tract dramatically increases mortality, and 50% of those who are left untreated may die from the disease. Others develop infectious complications from the constant immunosuppression.
The etiology of CSS remains a mystery and a lot of research is being performed to try to understand the underlying pathophysiology and genetics of this disease. Specifically, CSS subjects are being studies to assess whether or not there are specific genes that predispose these individuals to this syndrome; it is hoped that this may lead to a better understanding of not just CSS, but also asthma, and that new therapies may be developed to treat this difficult syndrome.
For more information on Churg Strauss syndrome:
Churg Strauss Syndrome Association
The Johns Hopkins Vasculitis Center
Learn More: Clinical Trials

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