JIMD Rep. 2013 Nov 23. [Epub ahead of print]
Newborn Screening for Hunter Disease: A Small-Scale Feasibility Study.
Ruijter GJ, Goudriaan DA, Boer AM, Van den Bosch J, Van der Ploeg AT, Elvers LH, Weinreich SS, Reuser AJ.
SourceDepartment of Clinical Genetics, Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Erasmus University Medical Center, Ee2422, Dr Molewaterplein 50, 3015 GE, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Hunter disease (Mucopolysaccharidosis type II, MPS II) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency of iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS). Two main therapies have been reported for MPS II patients: enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT) and hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). Both treatment modalities have been shown to improve some symptoms, but the results with regard to cognitive functioning have been poor. Early initiation of therapy, i.e., before neurological symptoms have manifested, may alter cognitive outcome. The need for early identification makes Hunter disease a candidate for newborn screening (NBS). Our objective was to explore the use of a fluorometric assay that could be applicable for high-throughput analysis of IDS activity in dried blood spots (DBS). The median IDS activity in DBS samples from 1,426 newborns was 377 pmol/punch/17 h (range 78-1111). The IDS activity in one sample was repeatedly under the cutoff value (set at 20% of the median value), which would imply a recall rate of 0.07%. A sample from a clinically diagnosed MPS II individual, included in each 96-well test plate, had IDS activities well below the 20% cutoff value. Coefficients of variation in quality control samples with low, medium, and high IDS activities (190, 304, and 430 pmol/punch/17 h, respectively) were 12% to 16%. This small-scale pilot study shows that newborn screening for Hunter disease using a fluorometric assay in DBS is technically feasible with a fairly low recall rate. NBS may allow for identification of infants with Hunter disease before clinical symptoms become evident enabling early intervention.
- [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]