MMWR- Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
MMWR News Synopsis for July 2, 2015
Monitoring of Persons with Risk for Exposure to Ebola Virus Disease — United States, November 3, 2014–March 8, 2015
U.S. jurisdictions demonstrated the capacity for a complex public health response monitoring thousands of persons at risk of exposure to Ebola over approximately four months. The 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic in West Africa is the largest ever reported leading to concerns of potential Ebola transmission within the United States. On October 27, 2014, CDC issued guidance on the monitoring and movement of persons in the U.S. who potentially had been exposed to the disease. Monitoring aims to rapidly identify symptomatic persons so they can be isolated, tested, and, if necessary, treated to improve their chance of survival and reduce transmission.
Sodium Intake Among U.S. Adults — 26 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, 2013
With more than 9 out of 10 U.S. adults eating too much sodium, the findings suggest a significant proportion of adults are ready for sodium reduction. The study also reveals opportunities for healthcare professionals to advise patients on limiting salt in the diet.Based on a 2013 phone survey of more than 180,000 adults across 26 states, DC and Puerto Rico, CDC research reveals that just over half of U.S. adults reported taking action to watch or reduce sodium intake – while one in five say they have received professional medical advice to reduce sodium intake. Compared to people without hypertension, a higher percentage of individuals with self-reported hypertension claim to have taken steps to watch or reduce sodium and receive advice from a professional healthcare provider.
Introduction of Inactivated Polio Vaccine and Change from Trivalent to Bivalent Oral Poliovirus Vaccine — Worldwide, 2013–2016
Based on a 2013 phone survey of more than 180,000 adults across 26 states, DC and Puerto Rico, CDC research reveals that just over half of U.S. adults reported taking action to watch or reduce sodium intake – while one in five say they have received professional medical advice to reduce sodium intake. Compared to people without hypertension, a higher percentage of individuals with self-reported hypertension claim to have taken steps to watch or reduce sodium and receive advice from a professional healthcare provider. Generally, higher proportions of respondents in the South reported taking action or receiving advice from healthcare professionals to reduce sodium intake. This is the first report to provide state-level estimates of sodium intake behavior among general population. Spread of wild poliovirus has been interrupted in almost all countries. No polio cases caused by wild poliovirus type 2, one of the three poliovirus types, have been identified anywhere since 1999.
Monitoring Exposure to Ebola and Health of United States Military Personnel Deployed in Support of Ebola Control Efforts — Liberia, October 25, 2014–February 27, 2015
U.S. military personnel constitute a unique population working in Ebola-affected countries because of their activity restrictions and aggressive monitoring; knowledge of these measures might better inform clinical decision-making for these returning U.S. travelers and increase public awareness about their low exposure risk. U.S. military personnel deployed to Liberia in support of Ebola control efforts were subjected to stringent activity restrictions and twice-daily monitoring for fever, exposure to Ebola, or Ebola symptoms. Among approximately 2,500 deployed personnel, 32 had a febrile illness, including five who were identified through leadership-directed unit monitoring. The most frequent diagnoses were gastrointestinal, respiratory, and dermatologic conditions. No febrile person had contact with an Ebola-infected patient and no documented Ebola exposures or infections occurred among U.S. service members while they were in Liberia or after returning to the United States.