J Cancer Educ. 2014 Oct 11. [Epub ahead of print]
What Black Women Know and Want to Know About Counseling and Testing for BRCA1/2.
Black women are just as likely to have hereditary breast cancer mutations as White women, yet their participation in genetic counseling and testing is substantially lower. This study sought to describe Black women's awareness and perceptions of BRCA1/2 testing and to identify barriers and motivators to seeking BRCA1/2 services. Fifty intercept interviews were conducted with Black women in public places (a professional women's basketball game, a grocery store, a faith-based community event, and the waiting area at a breast care clinic) in Washington, DC. More than half of the women (54 %) were aware that genetic tests to determine risk for certain breast and ovarian cancers exist, but the majority (88 %) had never heard of BRCA1/2, specifically. After hearing a description of BRCA1/2 genetic markers, 82 % stated that they would agree to BRCA1/2 testing if it was offered to them. Perceived advantages of testing included cancer prevention and the ability to share information with family members. Perceived disadvantages included emotional distress associated with identification of the mutation and the potential misuse of results to deny healthcare or employment. Physician recommendation, self-care, and known family history were among the motivators for testing. Women listed possible media and venues for intervention. In spite of low rates of BRCA1/2 testing in the Black community, women in this sample were open to the idea. Interventions that address barriers and include cultural tailoring are necessary.
- [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]