HAN 367: CDC Ebola Response Update #3
Distributed via the CDC Health Alert Network
August 22, 2014 17:45 ET (5:45 PM ET)
August 22, 2014 17:45 ET (5:45 PM ET)
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with other U.S. government agencies, the World Health Organization, and other domestic and international partners in an international response to the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa. This document summarizes key messages about the outbreak and the response. It will be updated as new information becomes available and distributed regularly. Please share the document with others as appropriate.
CDC has activated its Emergency Operations Center to respond to Ebola. Below, please find resources and guidance that we hope will be useful to you and your organization. Please share with your colleagues and networks.
In this HAN INFOService Message
- Ebola Cases and Deaths (West Africa)
- Online Resources
- Summary Key Messages
Ebola Cases and Deaths (West Africa)
Updated: August 20, 2014
Updated: August 20, 2014
- Suspected and Confirmed Case Count: 2615
- Suspected Case Deaths: 1427
- Laboratory Confirmed Cases: 1528
Updates on cases and deaths can be found on the CDC website:
General Outbreak Information
Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever English: http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/index.html Spanish: http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/spanish/index.html
Questions and Answers on Ebola http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/outbreaks/guinea/qa.html
World Health Organization Disease Outbreak News http://www.afro.who.int/en/clusters-a-programmes/dpc/epidemic-a-pandemic-alert-and-response/outbreak-news.html
Selected Guidance Documents (Full range of guidance documents can be found at the CDC Ebola Web sitehttp://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/index.html)
Interim Guidance for Environmental Infection Control in Hospitals for Ebola Virus http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/hcp/environmental-infection-control-in-hospitals.html (UPDATED)
Guidance on Air Medical Transport for Patients with Ebola Virus Disease http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/hcp/guidance-air-medical-transport-patients.html
Outbreak Response Photos http://www.flickr.com/photos/cdcglobal/sets/72157646018355339/ (NEW)
Communication Resources for Use by International Travel Partners http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/ebola-outbreak-communication-resources(NEW)
Sequence for Putting On and Removing Personal Protective Equipment Poster http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/pdf/ppe-poster.pdf (NEW)
Medscape video: Infection Prevention and Control of Ebola Virus Disease in U.S. Hospitals http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/hcp/index.html (NEW)
WebMD video: CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden discusses Ebola outbreak: http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/video/cdc-director-tom-frieden-md-on-ebola (NEW)
Ebola Radio Health Messages in Local Languages http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/outbreaks/guinea/radio-spots.html
Infographics & Illustrations (English and Spanish) http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/outbreaks/guinea/print-resources-illustrations.html
Digital Press Kit http://www.cdc.gov/media/dpk/2014/dpk-ebola-outbreak.html
Put CDC content on Ebola on your website that will update automatically. http://tools.cdc.gov/syndication/pages.aspx?mediaCollectionId=71
Social Media Resources
Follow us on Twitter
Like us on Facebook
CDC Emergency Preparedness and Response http://www.facebook.com/CDCEmergency
CDC Travelers’ Health http://www.facebook.com/CDCTravelersHealth
CDC Global http://www.facebook.com/CDCGlobal
Summary Key Messages
- This is the largest Ebola outbreak in history and the first in West Africa.
- The outbreak in West Africa is worsening, but CDC, along with other U.S. government agencies and international partners, is taking steps to respond to this rapidly changing situation.
- Ebola poses no substantial risk to the U.S. general population.
- On August 8, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the current Ebola outbreak is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
- The PHEIC declaration underscores the need for a coordinated international response to contain the spread of Ebola.
- Information about the PHEIC declaration is available on the WHO website www.who.int/mediacentre/news/statements/2014/ebola-20140808/en/.
- A person infected with Ebola virus is not contagious until symptoms appear.
- The virus is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or unprotected mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth) with the blood or body fluids such as, but not limited to, feces, saliva, urine, vomit, and semen of a person who is sick with Ebola, or with objects like needles that have been contaminated with the virus, or infected animals.
- Ebola is not spread through the air or by water or, in general, by food; however, in Africa, Ebola may be spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats.
- As of August 22, no confirmed Ebola cases have been reported in the United States.
- In 2014, two U.S. healthcare workers who were infected with Ebola virus in Liberia were transported to a hospital in the United States. Both patients have been released from the hospital after laboratory testing confirmed that they no longer have Ebola virus circulating in their blood. CDC has advised the hospital that there is no public health concern with their release and that they do not pose a risk to household contacts or to the public.
- CDC has received many calls from health departments and hospitals about suspected Ebola cases in travelers from the affected countries. These calls have been triaged appropriately, with some samples being sent to CDC for testing. All samples sent to CDC have thus far been negative.
- As a precaution, CDC is communicating with American healthcare workers about how to detect and isolate patients who may have Ebola and how they can protect themselves from infection.
- Early recognition of Ebola is important for providing appropriate patient care and preventing the spread of infection. Healthcare providers should be alert for and evaluate any patients who may have Ebola.
- A case definition for Ebola virus disease is available at www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/hcp/case-definition.html.
- CDC and its partners at U.S. ports of entry are currently not doing enhanced screening of passengers traveling from the affected countries. However, CDC works with international public health organizations, other federal agencies, and the travel industry to identify sick travelers arriving in the United States and take public health actions to prevent the spread of communicable diseases.
- CDC also is assisting with exit screening and communication efforts in West Africa to prevent sick travelers from getting on planes.
- CDC recommends that people avoid nonessential travel to Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
- CDC recommends that people practice enhanced precautions if traveling to Nigeria.
- Recommendations and guidance may change as new information becomes available.