martes, 15 de abril de 2014

National Guideline Clearinghouse | Investigation and management of non-immune fetal hydrops.

full-text ►

National Guideline Clearinghouse | Investigation and management of non-immune fetal hydrops.

Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC)

April 14, 2014

Guideline Title
Investigation and management of non-immune fetal hydrops.
Bibliographic Source(s)
Désilets V, Audibert F, Genetics Committee. Investigation and management of non-immune fetal hydrops. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2013 Oct;35(10):923-38. [78 references] PubMed External Web Site Policy
Guideline Status
This is the current release of the guideline.

 2013 Oct;35(10):923-38.

Investigation and management of non-immune fetal hydrops.



To describe the current investigation and management of non-immune fetal hydrops, with a focus on treatable or recurring etiologies.


To provide better counselling and management in cases of prenatally diagnosed non-immune hydrops.


Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed or MEDLINE, CINAHL, and The Cochrane Library in 2011 using key words (non-immune hydrops fetalis, fetal hydrops, fetal therapy, fetal metabolism). Results were restricted to systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials/controlled clinical trials, observational studies, and significant case reports. Additional publications were identified from the bibliographies of these articles. There were no date or language restrictions. Searches were updated on a regular basis and incorporated in the guideline to May 2012. Grey (unpublished) literature was identified through searching the websites of health technology assessment and health technology-related agencies, clinical practice guideline collections, clinical trial registries, and national and international medical specialty societies.


These guidelines educate readers about the causes of non-immune fetal hydrops and its prenatal counselling and management. It also provides a standardized approach to non-immune fetal hydrops, emphasizing the search for prenatally treatable conditions and recurrent genetic etiologies.


The quality of evidence in this document was rated using the criteria described in the Report of the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (Table 1).


1. All patients with fetal hydrops should be referred promptly to a tertiary care centre for evaluation. Some conditions amenable to prenatal treatment represent a therapeutic emergency after 18 weeks. (II-2A) 2. Fetal chromosome analysis and genetic microarray molecular testing should be offered where available in all cases of non-immune fetal hydrops. (II-2A) 3. Imaging studies should include comprehensive obstetrical ultrasound (including arterial and venous fetal Doppler) and fetal echocardiography. (II-2A) 4. Investigation for maternal-fetal infections, and alpha-thalassemia in women at risk because of their ethnicity, should be performed in all cases of unexplained fetal hydrops. (II-2A) 5. To evaluate the risk of fetal anemia, Doppler measurement of the middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity should be performed in all hydropic fetuses after 16 weeks of gestation. In case of suspected fetal anemia, fetal blood sampling and intrauterine transfusion should be offered rapidly. (II-2A) 6. All cases of unexplained fetal hydrops should be referred to a medical genetics service where available. Detailed postnatal evaluation by a medical geneticist should be performed on all cases of newborns with unexplained non-immune hydrops. (II-2A) 7. Autopsy should be recommended in all cases of fetal or neonatal death or pregnancy termination. (II-2A) Amniotic fluid and/or fetal cells should be stored for future genetic testing. (II-2B).


fetal hydrops, fetal metabolism, fetal therapy, non-immune hydrops fetalis

Comment in

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

No hay comentarios:

Publicar un comentario