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National Guideline Clearinghouse | Induction of labour.

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National Guideline Clearinghouse | Induction of labour.

Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC)

April 14, 2014

Guideline Title
Induction of labour.
Bibliographic Source(s)
Leduc D, Biringer A, Lee L, Dy J, Clinical Practice Obstetrics Committee. Induction of labour. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2013 Sep;35(9):840-60. [111 references] PubMed External Web Site Policy
Guideline Status
This is the current release of the guideline.
This guideline updates a previous version: Crane J. Induction of labour at term. Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada clinical practice guideline, No. 107. August 2001. J Soc Obstet Gynaecol Can 2001; 23(8):717-28.

 2013 Sep;35(9):840-60.

Induction of labour.

[Article in English, French]



To review the most current literature in order to provide evidence-based recommendations to obstetrical care providers on induction of labour. Options: Intervention in a pregnancy with induction of labour.


Appropriate timing and method of induction, appropriate mode of delivery, and optimal maternal and perinatal outcomes.


Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed, CINAHL, and The Cochrane Library in 2010 using appropriate controlled vocabulary (e.g., labour, induced, labour induction, cervical ripening) and key words (e.g., induce, induction, augmentation). Results were restricted to systematic reviews, randomized control trials/controlled clinical trials, and observational studies. There were no date or language restrictions. Searches were updated on a regular basis and incorporated in the guideline to the end of 2010. Grey (unpublished) literature was identified through searching the websites of health technology assessment and health technology-related agencies, clinical practice guideline collections, clinical trial registries, and national and international medical specialty societies.


The evidence in this document was rated using criteria described in the Report of the Canadian Task Force on Preventative Health Care (Table 1). SUMMARY STATEMENTS: 1. Prostaglandins E(2) (cervical and vaginal) are effective agents of cervical ripening and induction of labour for an unfavourable cervix. (I) 2. Intravaginal prostaglandins E(2) are preferred to intracervical prostaglandins E(2) because they results in more timely vaginal deliveries. (I).


cervical ripening, induction, labour, post-dates

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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