Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2013 Jun;12(2):37-42. doi: 10.1097/HPC.0b013e3182822bd0.
The Clinical Utility of Gene Expression Testing on the Diagnostic Evaluation of Patients Presenting to the Cardiologist With Symptoms of Suspected Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease: Results From the IMPACT (Investigation of a Molecular Personalized Coronary Gene Expression Test on Cardiology Practice Pattern) Trial.
From the *Vanderbilt University, MCE, South Tower, Nashville, TN; and †CardioDx, Inc., Faber Place, Palo Alto, CA.
Accurate, noninvasive evaluation for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) remains challenging and inefficient. In this study, 171 patients presenting with stable chest pain and related symptoms without a history of CAD were referred to 6 cardiologists for evaluation. In the prospective cohort of 88 patients, the cardiologist's diagnostic strategy was evaluated before and after gene expression score (GES) testing. The GES is a validated, quantitative blood-based diagnostic test measuring peripheral blood cell expression levels of 23 genes to determine the likelihood of obstructive CAD (at least 1 vessel with ≥50% angiographic coronary artery stenosis). The objective of the study was to measure the effect of the GES on diagnostic testing using a pre/post study design. There were 83 prospective patients evaluable for study analysis, which included 57 (69%) women, mean age 53 ± 11 years, and mean GES 12.5 ± 9. Presenting symptoms were classified as typical angina, atypical angina, and noncardiac chest pain in 33%, 60%, and 7% of patients (n = 27, 50, and 6), respectively. After GES, changes in diagnostic testing occurred in 58% of patients (n = 48, P < 0.001). Of note, 91% (29/32) of patients with decreased testing had low GES (≤15), whereas 100% (16/16) of patients with increased testing had elevated GES (P < 0.001). A historical cohort of 83 patients, matched to the prospective cohort by clinical factors, had higher diagnostic test use compared with the post-GES prospective cohort (P < 0.001). In summary, the GES showed clinical utility in the evaluation of patients with suspected obstructive CAD presenting to the cardiologist's office.
- [PubMed - in process]