martes, 2 de septiembre de 2014

blog.aids.gov − Using Social Media and Technology for National HIV/AIDS and Aging Awareness Day

blog.aids.gov − Using Social Media and Technology for National HIV/AIDS and Aging Awareness Day



AIDS.gov Blog Update

AIDS.gov Blog for U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services.
This information has recently been updated, and is now available.
09/02/2014 02:34 PM EDT
logo-national-hiv-aging-awareness
If your grandmother were to ask you for your Twitter handle or your grandfather wanted to become your Facebook friend, how would you respond? If you posted or tweeted messages related to HIV or AIDS awareness, education or testing among older adults, would you be willing to share that information with your grandparents? Beyond individual...

Webinar—Healthier Pregnancy: Tools and Techniques to Best Provide ACA-Covered Preventive Services

Webinar—Healthier Pregnancy: Tools and Techniques to Best Provide ACA-Covered Preventive Services
The upcoming free Healthier Pregnancy: Tools and Techniques to Best Provide ACA-Covered Preventive Serviceswebinar will take place September 23, 2014, from 9:00 to 10:30 am (EDT).
Using trauma-informed care principles, the webinar will focus on successful implementation of clinical preventive services related to tobacco, alcohol, depression, intimate partner violence, obesity, and breastfeeding. Speakers will also address the role of traumatic exposure and importance of trauma-informed care. The webinar will be available via live webcast in addition to in-person attendance. Continuing education will be provided.
We invite you to share information about this important provider education initiative with health professionals in your communities and encourage them to register now.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Your online source for credible health information.

CDC - About the Preventing Infections in Cancer Patients Program

CDC - About the Preventing Infections in Cancer Patients Program



About the Program

Photo of a nurse taking a man's temperature

Studies show that 10% of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment end up hospitalized due to infection, and every two hours a patient dies from this complication. Because of the nature of their illness, great attention to infection prevention is warranted in the care of cancer patients.
Preventing Infections in Cancer Patients is a comprehensive program focused on providing information, action steps, and tools to help reduce the risk of developing potentially life-threatening infections during chemotherapy treatment. Through the program, CDC developed the following tools—

Research

Dunbar A, Tai E, Nielsen DB, Shropshire S, Richardson LC. Preventing infections during cancer treatment.External Web Site Icon Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing 2014;18(4):426–431.

Program Materials

CDC produced materials to help promote awareness about the importance of preventing infections in cancer patients. The fact sheet is intended for patients and caregivers. The posters can be placed in patient waiting areas, staff lounges, emergency rooms, and anywhere that patients and health care providers might view them. Selected materials can be ordered in limited quantities.

Posters

Preventing Infections Health Tip Sheets

Other Materials

Buttons

You can copy and paste the code to embed these buttons and badges in your Web site, social network profile, or blog.


For Patients and Caregivers

Are you getting chemotherapy? Learn how to prevent infections.

For Health Care Providers

Help prevent infections in cancer patients. Healthcare providers make a difference.

Infection Risks for Cancer Patients and How to Avoid Them | LIVESTRONG.COM

Infection Risks for Cancer Patients and How to Avoid Them | LIVESTRONG.COM

Did you know that one of the most dangerous side effects of chemotherapy is very common, cannot be seen, and puts patients at a higher risk for getting a potentially deadly infection?
To learn more about the risk factors associated with this side effect, which is called neutropenia, read CDC’s blog on Livestrong.com, “Infection Risks for Cancer Patients and How to Avoid Them.”
 
In addition, CDC offers the following resources as part of its Preventing Infections in Cancer Patients program:


Surprising Risks of Infections for Cancer Patients

CDC - Coverage – 2013 National Immunization Survey Infographic - Vaccines

CDC - Coverage – 2013 National Immunization Survey Infographic - Vaccines

Results of the National Immunization Survey estimating 2013 vaccination coverage among U.S. children 19-35 months old are now available.

National Immunization Survey with smiling babies

Childhood Immunization Coverage Infographic: Infant Vaccination Rates High, Unvaccinated Still Vulnerable

2013 National Immunization Survey — Children (19-35 months of age)

see text equivalent for Childhood Immunization Coverage Infographic: Infant Vaccination Rates High, Unvaccinated Still Vulnerable

Childhood Immunization Coverage Infographic: Infant Vaccination Rates High, Unvaccinated Still Vulnerable (Text Version)

2013 National Immunization Survey (NIS)

Published August 28, 2014
Our nation’s report card for children 19-35 months of age
Source: CDC. National, state, and selected local area vaccination coverage among children aged 19-35 months—United States, 2013. MMWR 2014;63(34):741-748. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6334a1.htm

First section:

Nationally, vaccination rates are high, but some communities remain at risk

High rates of vaccine coverage are keeping most vaccine preventable diseases at record low levels. The recent measles outbreaks, however, revealed pockets of unvaccinated people in some communities.
[Line graph shows measles cases in the US by month for years 2001 through 2014. The number of cases has dramatically increased in 2014, compared to years between 2001-2013, totaling near 600 in July 2014.
Source: National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) and direct report to CDC. 2013-2014 data is not complete]

Opportunities for improvement

Increase MMR (Measles, Mumps and Rubella) vaccination rates


In 2013, 17 states had MMR coverage below 90.0%, and these states are at higher risk for measles outbreaks.
Even in states with high MMR coverage, there can be communities with groups of people who are unvaccinated, and the people in these communities are vulnerable to measles as well.
[Image: map of U.S. labeled 2013 MMR (one dose coverage by state). The 17 states with coverage below 90% are: Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wyoming.]

Finish the toddler vaccine series

Many clinicians and parents are challenged in making sure children get all the recommended vaccine doses during the second year of life. 
Make sure that children continue after their first birthday to get all recommended doses.
[Image: map of U.S. labeled 2013 vaccination coverage by state, 4 doses DTap, national coverage = 83%. States with DTaP coverage 90% or greater are Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Utah. States with 80-89% DTaP coverage are Alabama, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. The remaining states have DTaP coverage below 80%.]
[Image: map of U.S. labeled 2013 vaccination coverage by state, Hib booster, national coverage = 82%. States with Hib booster coverage 90% or greater are Connecticut and Massachusetts. States with 80-89% Hib booster coverage are Alabama, Alaska, California, Colorado, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. The remaining states have Hib booster  coverage below 80%.]

 

Provide vaccines for all children

In 2013, children living below the poverty line had lower coverage for several vaccines. Fortunately, the Vaccines For Children (VFC) program provides vaccines for children who are uninsured.
Parents can find VFC information or a VFC provider at: www.cdc.gov/features/vfcprogram

Section 2:

Strategies and tools to increase immunization rates

[Photo of woman hold smiling toddler]
Parents can:
  • Talk with their child’s doctor if they have any questions
  • Ask at every visit to the doctor if their child’s vaccines are up-to-date
  • Visit www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents
Clinicians can:
  • Assess immunization status at every visit
  • Recommend needed vaccines
  • Send patient reminders when vaccines are due
  • Use electronic medical records and immunization registries to improve care

Section 3:

VFC has been helping prevent disease and saving lives for the last twenty years.

[Close-up photo of baby with big eyes]
CDC estimates that vaccination of children born between 1994 and 2013 will 
Prevent 322 million illnesses—more than the current population of the entire U.S.A.
Help avoid 732,000 deaths—greater than the population of Boston, MA
Save nearly $1.4 trillion in total societal costs*—or $4,473 for each American
*includes $295 billion in direct costs
Source: Benefits from Immunization During the Vaccines for Children Program Era — United States, 1994-2013. MMWR 2014;63(16):352-355.
www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents
CDC/HHS logo
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
NCIRDig407 | 08.28.2014

Bullying Update

Bullying Update

Bullying Update

New on the MedlinePlus Bullying page:
09/01/2014 04:00 PM EDT

Support, communication appear to be buffers
HealthDay news image

Source: HealthDay

CDC - Blogs - Public Health Matters Blog – 3 Simple Steps to Protect Your Family

CDC - Blogs - Public Health Matters Blog – 3 Simple Steps to Protect Your Family



3 Simple Steps to Protect Your Family
3 Simple Steps to Protect Your Family
Keeping children safe in emergency situations starts at home. Whatever the emergency, protect your family with these 3 simple steps. Know what you need, what to do, and how to communicate in an emergency:http://blogs.cdc.gov/publichealthmatters/2014/09/3-simple-steps-to-protect-your-family/

3 Simple Steps to Protect Your Family

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A brutal snowstorm strikes at mid-day. Roads grow increasingly congested as commuters across the city scramble to get home before conditions worsen. Ice begins to jam roads, and resulting accidents turn interstates into parking lots and neighborhood roads into skating rinks. Some parents grow increasingly desperate to reach their children as roads become impassable, leaving students stranded on buses and at school. Other parents pick up their children only to become stuck in their cars.
Once safely reunited, families remain stuck indoors for days. Childhood excitement at the sight of snow quickly turns to cabin fever. Parents’ relief to have the family reunited turns to hope for the power to remain on and schools to reopen soon.
This scenario became reality for cities across the southeastern U.S. in January 2014, highlighting the importance of preparedness, especially for families. Natural disasters affect about 66 million children each year. Keeping children safe in emergency situations starts in the home, whatever the emergency may be.
Get a Kit
“If you could take one thing with you on a desert island, what would it be?” This popular children’s question game is not too far off the mark for putting together an emergency kit for your family. Maintaining a routine in an emergency will help your children cope.
Putting together a good kit is the first step in helping you do that. Let your children pick things that make them feel secure, such as a favorite book or food. Your children will enjoy helping create a kit of all the things they are sure they could not live without in case of an emergency. Be sure to include your children in the process. Make it a game, and they will find it fun!
Ready Wrigley Prepares for HurricanesSome basic items to include in your kit include:
  • Flashlight
  • Radio (hand-crank or battery-powered with extra batteries)
  • Water
  • First-aid kit
  • Can opener
  • Canned goods
You should also know your child’s medications and keep a small supply in case of emergency. Consider a small identification card with information on key medications and emergency contacts for your child to keep at all times.
Think of your family’s specific needs. For example, if you have an infant, keep any special foods or extra diapers on hand.
Keep a similar kit in each car, along with a blanket, nonperishable food, and a charger for your phone or other essential electronics.
Make a Plan
14_250512_preparedness_month_child_1bKnowing what to do in an emergency is just as important as having a kit. Most important is ensuring you have a way to reunite your family if they are separated at the time of the emergency. Children do better in these situations when they are with their families. As a start, teach your children important names, phone numbers and addresses. Most children can memorize a phone number by age four or five. Make it a game—it could help keep your children safe.
Protecting your family will involve others, as well. Pick a family member out of town to be a common contact for everyone to call or text. Sometimes local telephone networks can be jammed. If someone else cares for your children during part of the day, always make sure they know what to do and who to contact in an emergency, too. Lastly, make sure you have a plan for what to do with your pets. They are part of the family, too!
Staying Informed
Rear View Of Family Taking Dog For Walk In CountrysideBeing informed of your family’s situation when everyone is separated during the day is important. Know the emergency plan in your children’s schools and keep your emergency contact information up to date. Delegate a close family friend as an alternate contact who could pick your children up if you or your spouse is not able to do so. Consider using a word that only you and your children know, and make sure your children know only to leave with someone who can tell them what the code word is. This word can be anything, like a favorite book character, and can serve as the “password” or the “code word.”
In an emergency, talk to your children about what is happening. Be honest and explain the situation; it’s better to learn about it from you than from the media, since information from the media may not be age-appropriate. Set an example with your own actions by maintaining a sense of calm, even when you are distressed. This will help your family cope in any emergency.
Events and information can change quickly in an emergency. Pay attention to local leaders, like your town’s mayor or police department, so you can make the best, most informed decisions for you and your family.
Resources